Now showing items 11-20 of 326
Meta-analysis of Single-Case Research on Teaching Functional Living Skills to Individuals with ASD
(Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders;Volume 2, 2015-01-14)
A meta-analysis of 52 studies teaching functional living skills to individuals with autism spectrum disorder was conducted. Using the Tau effect size with the Dunn and the Kruskal–Wallis post-hoc analyses, the following ...
The Influence of Local Food Environments on Adolescents’ Food Purchasing Behaviors
This study examined the relationship between the neighborhood food environment and the food purchasing behaviors among adolescents. Grade 7 and 8 students (n = 810) at 21 elementary schools in London, Ontario, Canada completed a questionnaire assessing their food purchasing behaviors. Parents of participants also completed a brief questionnaire providing residential address and demographic information. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to assess students’ home and school neighborhood food environment and land use characteristics. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the influence of the home neighborhood food environment on students’ food purchasing behaviors, while two-level Hierarchical Non-Linear Regression Models were used to examine the effects of school neighborhood food environment factors on students’ food purchasing behaviors. The study showed that approximately 65% of participants reported self-purchasing foods from fast-food outlets or convenience stores. Close proximity (i.e., less than 1 km) to the nearest fast-food outlet or convenience store in the home neighborhood increased the likelihood of food purchasing from these food establishments at least once per week by adolescents (p < 0.05). High fast-food outlet density in both home and school neighborhoods was associated with increased fast-food purchasing by adolescents (i.e., at least once per week; p < 0.05). In conclusion, macro-level regulations and policies are required to amend the health-detracting neighborhood food environment surrounding children and youth’s home and school....
Religion and Infant Mortality in the U.S.: A Preliminary Study of Denominational Variations
Prior research has identified a number of antecedents to infant mortality, but has been focused on either structural (demographic) forces or medical (public health) factors, both of which ignore potential cultural influences. Our study introduces a cultural model for explaining variations in infant mortality, one focused on the role of community-level religious factors. A key impetus for our study is well-established religious variations in adult mortality at the community level. Seeking to extend the growing body of research on contextual-level effects of religion, this study examines the impact of religious ecology (i.e., the institutional market share of particular denominational traditions) on county-level infant mortality in the U.S. Analyses of congregational census and Kids Count data reveal that a high prevalence of Catholic and most types of conservative Protestant churches are associated with lower rates of infant mortality when compared with counties that feature fewer Catholic and conservative Protestant congregations. However, communities with a large proportion of Pentecostal churches exhibit significantly higher infant mortality rates. After discussing the implications of these findings, we specify various directions for future research....
Investigating Site Use through Ethnobotanical Analysis in the Upper Gila River Valley, Arizona
(The UTSA Journal of Undergraduate Research and Scholarly Work;Volume 6, 2019)
Cross-age peer mentoring: Model review
(National Mentoring Resource Center Model Review;, 2017-09)
This review addresses four topics related to one-on-one cross-age peer mentoring for children and adolescents, including: 1. Its documented effectiveness for mentees and mentors, 2. The extent to which effectiveness depends ...
Prayer, Meditation, and Anxiety: Durkheim Revisited
Durkheim argued that religion’s emphasis on the supernatural combined with its unique ability to foster strong collective bonds lent it power to confer distinctive social benefits. Subsequent research has confirmed these ...
Youth Perspectives of Healthcare in Central Mexico: An Application of Massey’s Critical Health Literacy Framework
Attention to health literacy is essential more now than ever given the recognition, attention, and resources being dedicated to addressing health disparities throughout the world. Unfortunately, health literacy research ...
Ensemble-based multi-filter feature selection method for DDoS detection in cloud computing
(EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking;130, 2016-05-10)
Widespread adoption of cloud computing has increased the attractiveness of such services to cybercriminals. Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks targeting the cloud’s bandwidth, services and resources to render the ...
Portraits of Veganism: A Comparative Discourse Analysis of a Second-Order Subculture
Veganism has enjoyed increasing popularity and more sustained scholarly attention during the past several years. Using insights from cultural theory, this study conducts a qualitative discourse analysis of two vegan-promoting ...
Secure and privacy-preserving 3D vehicle positioning schemes for vehicular ad hoc network
(EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking;271, 2018-11-29)
Industrial wireless networks (IWNs) have applications in areas such as critical infrastructure sectors and manufacturing industries such as car manufacturing. In car manufacturing, IWNs can facilitate manufacturers to ...