Optimum constant-stress and step-stress accelerated life tests under time and cost considerations
By running life tests at higher stress levels than normal operating conditions, accelerated life testing quickly yields information on the lifetime distribution of a test unit. The lifetime at the design stress is then estimated through extrapolation using a regression model. To conduct an accelerated life test efficiently with constrained resources in practice, several decision variables such as the allocation proportions and stress durations should be determined carefully at the design stage. These decision variables affect not only the experimental cost but also the estimate precision of the lifetime parameters of interest. In this work, under the constraint that the total experimental cost does not exceed a pre-specified budget, the optimal decision variables are determined based on C/D/A-optimality criteria. In particular, the constant-stress and step-stress accelerated life tests are considered with the exponential failure data under time constraint as well. We illustrate the proposed methods using a case study, and under a given budget constraint, the efficiencies of these two stress loading schemes are compared in terms of the ratio of optimal objective functions based on the information matrix.
Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent Manufacturing, held May 20-23, 2014 in San Antonio, Texas, and organized by the Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Lean Systems, University of Texas at San AntonioIncludes bibliographical references