Participatory sensing-based semantic and spatial analysis of urban emergency events using mobile social media
Choo, Kim-Kwang Raymond
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With the advances of information communication technologies, it is critical to improve the efficiency and accuracy of emergency management systems through modern data processing techniques. Geographic information system (GIS) models and simulation capabilities are used to exercise response and recovery plans during non-disaster times. They help the decision-makers understand near real-time possibilities during an event. In this paper, a participatory sensing-based model for mining spatial information of urban emergency events is introduced. Firstly, basic definitions of the proposed method are given. Secondly, positive samples are selected to mine the spatial information of urban emergency events. Thirdly, location and GIS information are extracted from positive samples. At last, the real spatial information is determined based on address and GIS information. Moreover, this study explores data mining, statistical analysis, and semantic analysis methods to obtain valuable information on public opinion and requirements based on Chinese microblog data. Typhoon Chan-hom is used as an example. Semantic analysis on microblog data is conducted and high-frequency keywords in different provinces are extracted for different stages of the event. With the geo-tagged and time-tagged data, the collected microblog data can be classified into different categories. Correspondingly, public opinion and requirements can be obtained from the spatial and temporal perspectives to enhance situation awareness and help the government offer more effective assistance.
Information Systems and Cyber Security
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