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dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, Mirtha Z. Leguizamón León
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Joice C.
dc.contributor.authorGnanamani, Muthu Kumaran
dc.contributor.authorMartinelli, Michela
dc.contributor.authorUpton, Gabriel F.
dc.contributor.authorJacobs, Gary
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, Mauro C.
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-23T15:06:24Z
dc.date.available2021-12-23T15:06:24Z
dc.date.issued10/10/2021
dc.identifierdoi: 10.3390/reactions2040026
dc.identifier.citationReactions 2 (4): 408-426 (2021)
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12588/776
dc.description.abstractIn this contribution, we examine the effect of the promoter´s ionic charge and valence orbital energy on the catalytic activity of Fe-based catalysts, based on in situ synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction (SXRPD), temperature-programmed-based techniques (TPR, TPD, CO-TP carburization), and Fischer–Tropsch synthesis catalytic testing studies. We compared the promoting effects of K (a known promoter for longer-chained products) with Ba, which has a similar ionic radius but has double the ionic charge. Despite being partially “buried” in a crystalline BaCO<sub>3</sub> phase, the carburization of the Ba-promoted catalyst was more effective than that of K; this was primarily due to its higher (2+) ionic charge. With Ba<sup>2+</sup>, higher selectivity to methane and lighter products were obtained compared to the K-promoted catalysts; this is likely due to Ba´s lesser capability of suppressing H adsorption on the catalyst surface. An explanation is provided in terms of a more limited mixing between electron-filled Ba<sup>2+</sup> 5p and partially filled Fe 3d orbitals, which are expected to be important for the chemical promotion, as they are further apart in energy compared to the K<sup>+</sup> 3p and Fe 3d orbitals.
dc.titleFischer–Tropsch Synthesis: Effect of the Promoter’s Ionic Charge and Valence Level Energy on Activity
dc.date.updated2021-12-23T15:06:25Z
dc.description.departmentBiomedical and Chemical Engineering
dc.description.departmentMechanical Engineering


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