Employee accountability: exploring the link between personality and the accountability environment




Vesey, Jermaine

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This dissertation examines the role of accountability in the workplace. Accountability is defined as the need to justify or defend one's actions to an evaluator who has potential reward or sanction power (Frink & Klimoski, 1998). Although research involving employee accountability is growing, more focus needs to be dedicated to understanding how the dispositional traits of employees interact with workplace accountability mechanisms. Specifically, this dissertation takes a closer look at how personality and the accountability environment interact and influence various outcome variables in the workplace. Although the findings in this study were mixed, the research did provide supporting evidence for accountability and personality's relationship with effort expended and performance. However, despite the aforementioned results, the data failed to show that the interaction between personality and accountability significantly related to effort expended or reactance. Additionally, although the study did show that the accountability environment influenced feelings of accountability, it failed to show that the environment was related to the how personality and accountability influenced reactance and effort expended.


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Accountability, Personality, Workplaces