Disruptive oil and gas in the Eagle Ford Shale: an application of the social movements perspective




Leyva, Tamara P.

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This research project attempts to synthesis social movements theories in examining the responses of those individuals who are opposed and/or concerned with the process of hydraulic fracturing in the Eagle Ford Shale region of South Texas. The application of social movement theories of breakdown, framing, and emotion were applied to shed light on the processes of meaning generation among protest organizers and participants. The objectives explored in this study include who makes up the movement, how the movement frames their arguments, and the personal grievances individuals may have suffered as a result of the oil and gas boom in the Eagle Ford Shale region. Major findings include evidence of a "common sense" frame, another deemed an "unfairness frame" which we then placed under a central frame of "injustice." Support for this central injustice frame was also found through several emerging themes including the influence of money in politics and lack of regulation/oversight. Evidence of breakdown was found through the central frame of injustice, which also encompassed the "unfairness" frame, and themes of the influence of money in politics and lack of regulation/oversight, as well as through the grievances and concerns that participants voiced in the interviews.


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Eagle Ford Shale, Fracking, Oil and gas, social movements