Ethnoracial Disparities in Vulnerable Populations: HCV and HIV

Date

2024

Authors

McCracken, Andrew

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Abstract

This research examines ethnoracial disparities in hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevalence and clearance, as well as HIV viral suppression, within a vulnerable population in South Texas, utilizing data from a safety-net health system and Bexar County's public health records. The investigation into HCV, based on eight years of retrospective data, identifies significant disparities in prevalence and clearance rates across ethnoracial and gender groups, demonstrating higher prevalence rates among non-Hispanic Whites compared to Hispanic and Black populations, with variable clearance dynamics suggesting a nuanced interplay of demographic factors. Further research into HIV viral suppression utilizes logistic regression analysis to determine the influence of demographic variables on health outcomes within Bexar County. The study highlights pronounced disparities affecting African American and Hispanic communities, emphasizing the role of social determinants such as education, sex, and income in shaping these outcomes.

Additionally, this research extends to an analysis of the social determinants impacting the frequency of HIV testing among racial and ethnic minorities, drawing from a nationally representative survey. This segment illustrates how factors like socioeconomic status, stigma, and access to healthcare perpetuate disparities in HIV testing frequencies, underscoring the necessity for public health interventions tailored to these community-specific barriers.

Description

Keywords

HCV, Health Disparities, Hep C, HIV, Social Determinants

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Department

Demography