Efficacy of truancy intervention and prevention programs: Student perceptions and the influence of social bonds and self-control




Swinford, Crystal H.

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Research has linked truancy to myriad social and behavioral problems and is a salient risk factor for referral to the juvenile justice system. This study seeks to add to the current literature on the effectiveness of intervention and prevention programs by providing information currently lacking in the field: the perceptions of actual students. Additionally, truancy intervention and prevention programs frequently cite the use of sanctions and the importance of parental involvement to address truancy. This study investigates the impact of social bonds, student-parent as compared to student-school attachment and its impact on truancy by utilizing social control theory and accessing the influence of self-control. Data was collected from high school students using an anonymous, self-reported survey instrument, designed specifically for this study and developed based on research regarding existing truancy intervention and prevention strategies, social bond and self-control measures. Statistical analyses were conducted in order to determine the relationships between social bonding, self-control, and truancy prevention. Results provide insight to student perceptions regarding effective truancy reduction approaches and inform policy makers on potential deterrents to consider when developing truancy intervention and prevention programs.


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Deterrence, Juvenile Delinquency, Self-control, Social Bond, Truancy



Criminal Justice