An archaeological survey for the Cibolo Creek Municipal Authority, South Central Texas
During November, 1976, personnel of the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, carried out archaeological surveys in the watershed of Cibolo Creek in the Texas counties of Bexar, Comal and Guadalupe. Fieldwork was conducted by J. A. Jaquier and Fred Valdez, Jr. under the supervision of Mr. Jack Eaton, Research Associate of the Center. Four areas (Figs. 1-3) surrounding the city of Selma, Texas, had been proposed for installation of gravity-fed sewage lines by the Cibolo Creek Municipal Authority. In order to assess the prehistoric and historic resources within the four survey areas, the survey team carried out field studies following these five guidelines: 1. To determine if archaeological resources exist within each of the four areas proposed for sewage line installation. 2. If resources were found, the significance of each was to be recorded, identified, and appraised. 3. To evaluate the impact of project installation on each resource. 4. To provide recommendations for mitigation of the anticipated adverse impacts of such installation. 5. To provide estimates of costs required for mitigation (salvage, protection, etc.). Standard archaeological survey procedures were utilized during the course of the assessment. Intensive foot surveys were carried out in those localities where construction had been proposed. Terrain features on the margins of the construction area were also investigated. In addition to fulfilling those obligations outlined above, the survey team was instructed to record a variety of other data so that the resulting information could be used in future archaeological studies in the region.