Essays on Gentrification and Health in Texas Metroplexes

Date

2023

Authors

Craig, Scott

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Abstract

This dissertation presents a comprehensive analysis of the interplay between gentrification and health outcomes in urban environments, focusing on the census tracts of Austin, Dallas, and San Antonio from 2000 to 2019. Utilizing a mixed method approach, the first essay employs Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to classify neighborhoods into seven distinct classes based on demographic and socioeconomic factors to describe composition and context.The study's second essay narrows its focus to neighborhoods identified as undergoing gentrification. Here, three stages of gentrification, early, middle, and late, are observed and characterized through a further application of PCA and LPA.The final essay leverages the results from the initial analyses to examine the health impacts of gentrification. Contrary to initial expectations, the study found no significant differences in health outcomes across the stages of gentrification. However, it did reveal that neighborhoods with higher median rent and home values exhibited protective health effects, suggesting a potential buffer against adverse health outcomes. Interestingly, a higher percentage of female-headed households also showed a protective effect. In contrast, the absence of health insurance and the passage of time were associated with negative health outcomes.These findings contribute new insights into the socio-economic determinants of health in urban settings. They challenge traditional assumptions about the health impacts of gentrification and highlight the need for nuanced public health strategies and urban planning, highlighting the�complexity of health dynamics in evolving urban landscapes and laying a foundation for future research and policy.

Description

Keywords

Gentrification, Health, Latent Profile Analysis, Urban

Citation

Department

Health, Community and Policy