Self-control, Divine Control, and Intimate Partner Violence in Three Southeast Asian Societies
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is experienced across the world with similar heightened rates across both non-Western and non-industrialized countries compared to their more developed counterparts. The present dissertation seeks to supplement the current literature by elaborating on (a) the relationship between low self-control and IPV, both in terms of victimization and perpetration, and (b) how certain facets of religion, specifically, belief in divine control, may impact the relationship between low self-control and IPV in Thailand, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Data come from the 2018 Religion, Family Life and Health Survey, which yielded a sample of 800 married women for each respective country. Results show that (a) virtually all dimensions of low self-control are associated with increased IPV, and (b) the effects of divine control, direct and moderating, are less consistent as divine control is only significant for certain facets of IPV, and vary across countries. These findings underscore the importance of the social norms and the religious belief systems when explicating the occurrence of IPV. Future research should examine additional religious beliefs and practices as well as social constraints that can help better understand the antecedents of IPV and provide further insight into effective strategies to alleviate the prevalence of IPV across the globe.