Silent No More: Exploring the Effects of Mindfulness-based Strengths Practice on Relationship Satisfaction, Mindfulness, and Well-being in Female Survivors of Military Sexual Trauma




Morris, Crystal

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The purpose of this study was to examine whether the 8-week Mindfulness-Based Strengths Practice (MBSP) program will have an effect on relationship satisfaction, mindfulness traits, and the sense of wellbeing in female survivors of MST. The relationship satisfaction was measured by the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS), dispositional (trait) mindfulness was measured by Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and overall well-being was measured by the PERMA Profiler scales. The intervention was conducted over 8-weeks (3 groups) for 1.5 hours, once a week. Moreover, this study aimed to fill a gap in existing counseling literature on mindfulness-based and positive psychology interventions used with female survivors of MST using a non-pathology-based approach. A quasi-experimental design was utilized in this study, with pre- and post-intervention assessments to determine the efficacy of the MBSP program as an intervention. A one-way repeated measures ANOVA and Friedman analysis was used to examine the research questions. The main findings indicated no significant differences in pre-intervention and post-intervention on measures of relationship satisfaction, dispositional (trait) mindfulness, and in overall well-being. Although no statistical significance was found, there was a slightly noticeable increase (i.e., mean difference) from baseline to week 4 for relationship satisfaction and well-being and in dispositional (trait) mindfulness from week 4 to week 8. This study may supply essential information for the field of counseling. Implications for group practice, counselor education, and future research are provided based on the findings of the study.


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military sexual trauma, mindfulness, mindfulness-based strengths practice (MBSP), non-pathological approach, PERMA theory of Well-being, positive psychology