LGBT Rights and Women's Rights: Intragroup Attitudinal Differences of the Non-Religious in the United States




Frame, Nicole

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This study adds to the growing literature on the non-religious in the United States which has assumed that, overall, the non-religious are a homogenous group when it concerns moral-political attitudes. Using the framework of secularization and the concept of the Non-theist collective identity this study explores intragroup differences among the non-religious in terms of attitudes towards LGBT rights and women's rights. The Non-theist collective identity includes a general support for human rights, particularly LGBT and women's rights. In this study, pooled data from the General Social Survey years 2006-2016 were used to compare Non-theists (those without a god belief) and Non-religious Believers (those with a god belief) on their attitudes towards homosexuality, same-sex marriage, and abortion. Analysis of the data reveal that Non-theists are significantly more likely to support homosexuality, same-sex marriage, traumatic abortion, and elective abortion when compared to Non-religious Believers. Implications of these findings include the need for a better categorization of non-religious affiliation in general surveys. Other implications and future direction of research are discussed.


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Atheists, Collective Identity, LGBT Rights, Non-religious, Secular, Women's Rights