Investigation and application of signal suppression analysis for FTMS-based quantitative proteomics

Date
2013
Authors
Ma, Xuepo
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Abstract

Due to high sensitivity and accuracy, Fourier Transform Mass Spectrum (FTMS) plays an important role in proteomics including protein identification and quantification. However, analysis of peptide profiles from a Liquid Chromatography Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (LC/FTMS) measurement reveals a non-linear distortion in intensity. Investigation of the measured 13C/12C ratios comparing with theoretical ones shows that the non-linearity can be attributed to low intensity signal suppression of low abundance peptide peaks. Before any analysis of proteomic data, the suppression issue need first be studied.

We developed an iterative algorithm that corrects the intensity distortions for peptides with relatively high abundance. This algorithm can be applied in a wide range of applications using FTMS. We also analyzed the distortion characteristics of the instrument for peptides with lower abundance, which should be considered when interpreting quantification results of FTMS.

Taking the suppression in FTMS measurement into consideration, we developed a quantitative proteomic approach to predict Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpes virus (KSHV) mircroRNA (miR) targets based on 18O labeling. We developed a method which integrates several improved 18O/16O data processing algorithms developed in house and identified down regulated proteins as potential targets in KSHV miR transfected Human embryonic kidney 293T cells. We applied classical statistical tests such as t-test and several other tests devised by ourselves for picking differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Combining the DEP prediction, PAR_CLIP and genetics method, we finally predicted three miR targets all of which are further confirmed by western-blotting.

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Keywords
biomarker, Computational biology, mass spectrometry, microRNA target, quantification, Quantitative proteomics
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Department
Electrical and Computer Engineering