Computational analysis of drug free silver triangular nanoprism theranostic probe plasmonic behavior for in-situ tumor imaging and photothermal therapy




Mondal, Sudip
Montaño-Priede, José Luis
Nguyen, Van Tu
Park, Sumin
Choi, Jaeyeop
Doan, Vu Hoang Minh
Vo, Thi Mai Thien
Vo, Tan Hung
Large, Nicolas
Kim, Chang-Seok

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title




Introduction: The advanced features of plasmonic nanomaterials enable initial high accuracy detection with different therapeutic intervention. Computational simulations could estimate the plasmonic heat generation with a high accuracy and could be reliably compared to experimental results. This proposed combined theoretical-experimental strategy may help researchers to better understand other nanoparticles in terms of plasmonic efficiency and usability for future nano-theranostic research.

Objectives: To develop innovative computationally-driven approach to quantify any plasmonic nanoparticles photothermal efficiency and effects before their use as therapeutic agents.

Methods: This report introduces drug free plasmonic silver triangular nanoprisms coated with polyvinyl alcohol biopolymer (PVA-SNT), for in vivo photoacoustic imaging (PAI) guided photothermal treatment (PTT) of triple-negative breast cancer mouse models. The synthesized PVA-SNT nanoparticles were characterized and a computational electrodynamic analysis was performed to evaluate and predict the optical and plasmonic photothermal properties. The in vitro biocompatibility and in vivo tumor abalation study was performed with MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line and in nude mice model.

Results: The drug free 140 μg∙mL^(−1) PVA-SNT nanoparticles with 1.0 W∙cm^(−2) laser irradiation for 7 min proved to be an effective and optimized theranostic approach in terms of PAI guided triple negative breast cancer treatment. The PVA-SNT nanoparticles exhibits excellent biosafety, photostability, and strong efficiency as PAI contrast agent to visualize tumors. Histological analysis and fluorescence-assisted cell shorter assay results post-treatment apoptotic cells, more importantly, it shows substantial damage to in vivo tumor tissues, killing almost all affected cells, with no recurrence.

Conclusion: This is a first complete study on computational simulations to estimate the plasmonic heat generation followed by drug free plasmonic PAI guided PTT for cancer treatment. This computationally-driven theranostic approach demonstrates an innovative thought regarding the nanoparticles shape, size, concentration, and composition which could be useful for the prediction of photothermal heat generation in precise nanomedicine applications.



silver triangular nanoprisms, theranostic probe, FDTD computational modeling, photothermal therapy, photoacoustic imaging (PAI), cancer treatment, plasmonic nanoparticles


Mondal, S., Montaño-Priede, J. L., Nguyen, V. T., Park, S., Choi, J., Doan, V. H. M., . . . Oh, J. (2022). Computational analysis of drug free silver triangular nanoprism theranostic probe plasmonic behavior for in-situ tumor imaging and photothermal therapy. Journal of Advanced Research, 41, 23-38. doi:


Physics and Astronomy