Investigating a guard trace ring to suppress the crosstalk due to a clock trace on a power electronics DSP control board




Xu, Jun

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The grounded guard trace ring is usually utilized to suppress the interference in high-speed printed circuit boards or IC packages. Although the guard ring can reduce crosstalk, its performance is greatly affected by the effectiveness of its design. This thesis first investigates the mechanism of the crosstalk cancellation with a grounded guard ring. The thesis then discusses and analyzes several grounding patterns based on a lumped circuit model. The analysis applies to the applications where the dimensions of PCB traces are smaller than 5% of the wavelength at the highest frequency. It is found that the best grounding patterns for the guard trace ring is to ground its two ends instead of using multi-point grounding within the concerned frequency range from 10MHz to 200MHz in this thesis. The theoretical analysis and the developed technique are verified by electromagnetic (EM) field distribution plots and the 4-ports scattering parameters that are simulated in ANSYS HFSS 3D electromagnetic simulation software. Experiments were finally conducted to validate the analysis and the proposed technique.


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clock trace, crosstalk, EMI, grounding, guard trace ring, inductive coupling



Electrical and Computer Engineering