Parental Influences, Academic Success, and Well-Being, among College Students

Date

2019

Authors

Soto, Andrew Jacob

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Volume Title

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Abstract

College student enrollment is on the rise in the United States. Unfortunately, many students struggle to complete their degrees. Although this is a multifaceted problem, student sychological distress and parental relationships have been shown to influence academic success. Due to the increased enrollment of first-generation and Hispanic students, generation and ethnicity were a focal point. Investigators proposed a moderated mediation model, in which parental factors, mental distress, and college factors mediated the relationship between Hispanic students and GPA, with generation status as a moderator of each relationship. Participants (N = 389; Females = 77.6%; Hispanic = 56.8%) were recruited from a large multicultural university. Measures included, demographic information, measures of mental distress, college self-efficacy, college challenges, well-being, parental factors, and cultural factors. The proposed moderated mediation was non-significant. Findings did support some of the previous research findings regarding mental distress, parenting, and academic success. Limitations include self-reported GPA, sample population, and sample characteristics. Future researchers should seek to develop a more parsimonious model of parenting, mental distress, and academic success, and look into a more objective measure of GPA and a more representative sample. Lastly, future researchers should strive to gear research toward informing/assisting institutions and addressing the performance and mental health issues current college students are facing.

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Keywords

Academic Success, First-generation, Hispanic

Citation

Department

Psychology