Archaeological investigations at a Spanish Colonial site, (41KA26-B) Karnes County, Texas




Tennis, Cynthia L.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


In July, 1998, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), was awarded a contract by the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) for artifact analysis and report composition on archaeological investigations at a Spanish Colonial period site in Karnes County in south Texas. The data for this analysis and interpretation was recovered during 1985 TxDOT excavations at site 41KA26. Forty-five test units and seven shovel tests were excavated resulting in the recovery of approximately 4000 artifacts including over 1000 pieces of animal bone, 445 Native American pottery shards, 404 pieces of Spanish ceramics, and 256 lithics. Five features, including a faunal refuse dump, a Native-American ceramic dump, and the remnants of an early nineteenth-century jacal structure were identified in moderately well-preserved stratigraphic context.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, excavations, Indians of North America, Spaniards, Karnes County, Spanish colonial period