Intimate Partmer Violence In Malawi: A Replication Study
Data from the Domestic Violence Module of the 2010 Malawi Demographic and Health Survey (MDHS) are analyzed to document the effects of the household resources (measured by wealth index), status inconsistency (measured by education), and the gender related factors on the life time prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) against married/cohabiting women. The present study tests several hypotheses derived from an integrated theoretical framework to determine the patterns of gendered IPV in Malawi. Logistic regression models are utilized to predict the prevalence of life time physical, emotional/psychological, and sexual IPV. In general, respondents' education attainment and family wealth index are found to be statistically insignificant predictors of IPV against married/cohabiting women in Malawi. However, the robust effects of gender factors are observed. With regard to decision-making as one measure of gender theories, only egalitarian decision-making power is significantly associated with lower odds of all forms of IPV. Overall, gender related factors appear to be the most consistent determinants of lifetime experience of physical, emotional/psychological, and sexual violence in Malawian society.