Radiating Austerity: Disproving Quiestism in Francisco de Zurbarán's Penitential Images of Saint Francis of Assisi

dc.contributor.advisorSobré, Judith
dc.contributor.authorRamos-Palermo, Melisa Jeanette
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHajovsky, Patrick T.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMurillo, Luis
dc.contributor.committeeMemberElliott, Greg
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-12T19:52:39Z
dc.date.available2024-02-12T19:52:39Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.descriptionThis item is available only to currently enrolled UTSA students, faculty or staff. To download, navigate to Log In in the top right-hand corner of this screen, then select Log in with my UTSA ID.
dc.description.abstractThis study looks into the possible spiritual influences that contributed to Francisco de Zurbarán's austere depictions of Saint Francis of Assisi. Zurbarán's style was ideal for the visualization of the spiritual experience; his paintings pulsate with mysticism while conveying a meditative stillness through his technique. In the manner that El Greco has been linked to the spirituality of Saint Teresa of Ávila, Zurbarán has been linked to the heretical Quietist movement. The Quietists, active in the towns of Llerena and Seville, both places where Zurbarán lived and worked, taught that man could reach perfection and then "have no need to fast or pray, but may freely grant the body whatsoever it craves; that they are not subject to any human authority or bound by the precepts of the Church." It is more likely, however, that Zurbarán would have been influenced by the orthodox spiritual movements and/or monastic orders that at that period flourished in abundance in Spain. Since this study looks at several images of the penitent Saint Francis, it delves into Franciscan spirituality. There are two avenues to consider: first the idea of recogimiento or Recollection, a practice widely promoted by the Franciscans, and the influence specifically of the Capuchin branch of this Order. There are also potential influences from the Carthusians, whose charism emphasizes silence and austerity. The effect of other monastic orders that Zurbarán worked for will also be briefly examined.
dc.description.departmentArt and Art History
dc.format.extent65 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12588/5231
dc.languageen
dc.subjectCatholic Reformation
dc.subjectQuietism
dc.subjectRecogimiento
dc.subjectRecollection
dc.subjectSaint Francis
dc.subjectZurbaran
dc.subject.classificationArt history
dc.subject.classificationReligion
dc.subject.classificationEuropean history
dc.titleRadiating Austerity: Disproving Quiestism in Francisco de Zurbarán's Penitential Images of Saint Francis of Assisi
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.dcmiText
dcterms.accessRightspq_closed
thesis.degree.departmentArt and Art History
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at San Antonio
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Arts

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