Socioeconomic and cultural determinants of family size: The case of Turkey
This study seeks to understand how socioeconomic variables have an influence on women`s perception of family size in Turkey. Turkey is an interesting case to investigate because it shows an intensive change in demographic trends starting from the beginning of the 1960s. It is observed that the size and structure of Turkish population have changed. The general theoretical thought is that Turkey is currently in a demographic transition. A decrease of the total fertility rate during the second half of the 20th century is an indicator of transition. The main objective of this thesis is to identify the differences on fertility decline trends in two different ethnic groups in Turkey. The quinquennial total period fertility estimates indicate persistent fertility decline for all ethnic groups. The intent of the study is to find out whether the fertility decline of the different ethnic groups has similar or different characteristics. The Demographic Transition Theory will be employed to make theoretical linkage. In this study, data from the 2008 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey will be used to examine the fertility and child mortality in Turkey by ethnicity, with controls for region of residence and rural-urban settlements. A careful assessment of the Demographic and Health Survey results that reflect the changes in population will help to re-determine the planning of services, resources, personnel, target groups and priorities in the population.