Trauma Film Paradigm In College Students: Validation of a Virtual Methodology

dc.contributor.advisorMorissette, Sandra B.
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Patricia Diane
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWeston, Rebecca
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSwan, Alicia
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMcNaughton-Cassill, Mary
dc.creator.orcidhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-0157-5562
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-12T20:02:43Z
dc.date.available2022-11-12
dc.date.available2024-02-12T20:02:43Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.descriptionThis item is available only to currently enrolled UTSA students, faculty or staff. To download, navigate to Log In in the top right-hand corner of this screen, then select Log in with my UTSA ID.
dc.description.abstractAbout 85% of college students have experienced a potentially traumatic event. Nearly 9% will develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The trauma film paradigm (TFP) is used as a proxy for trauma exposure to understand the symptoms of PTSD. Psychometrically established in the laboratory, the TFP has not been validated in a virtual format, which could broaden the reach of this methodology. In a fully-controlled experimental design, it was hypothesized that the virtual and in-lab TFPs would elicit more intrusions and higher distress and negative mood than both the virtual and in-lab neutral film paradigms (NFPs), while the virtual and in-lab TFP would elicit comparable intrusions and negative mood changes. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: virtual TFP, in-lab TFP, virtual NFP, and in-lab NFP. The sample included female undergraduate students (N = 92). A repeated-measures ANOVA found a significant interaction between condition and time on mood changes, F (3, 88) = 45.47, p< .001. Post-hoc comparisons indicated that negative mood for the virtual TFP and in-lab TFP were not significantly different, but both were significantly higher than the virtual NFP and the in-lab NFP. Findings supported the utility of the virtual TFP methodology. These findings have the potential to extend the reach of trauma research to those with challenges with completing in-person assessments.
dc.description.departmentPsychology
dc.format.extent161 pages
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12588/5381
dc.languageen
dc.subjectanalogue for trauma
dc.subjectPTSD
dc.subjectTFP
dc.subjecttrauma film paradigm
dc.subjectvirtual methodology
dc.subject.classificationPsychology
dc.subject.classificationWomen's studies
dc.titleTrauma Film Paradigm In College Students: Validation of a Virtual Methodology
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.dcmiText
dcterms.accessRightspq_closed
thesis.degree.departmentPsychology
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at San Antonio
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophy

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