Archaeological testing in an area south of Olmos Dam, San Antonio, Texas




Assad, Cristi A.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


During November of 1977, five days of archaeological testing were carried out by personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, directly south of Olmos Dam, San Antonio, Texas (see Fig. 1). The testing was done under the supervision of Dr. Thomas R. Hester, Director, and Jack D. Eaton, Assistant Director, and was performed under the terms of a contract between CAR and the San Antonio River Authority. The project conforms to the provisions outlined in the E.D.A. Special Terms and Conditions (III 3a), Grant Number 08-19-01911. Antiquities Permit #161 was obtained from the Texas Historical Commission before field work commenced. This phase of testing was recommended by Brown (1977), who conducted the preliminary survey in the area prior to planned modifications to Olmos Dam. A prehistoric archaeological site, 41 BX 291, is located immediately south of the dam. The installation of a security fence at the property line between Incarnate Word College and the City of San Antonio was recommended by Brown (1977) to protect 41 BX 291. The site was designated a State Landmark, along with four other sites in the Olmos Basin (Brown 1977). The main objective of this testing was to define and evaluate what effect the construction of a new fence would have on 41 BX 291 and any other archaeologically significant resources which may be located along the proposed fence line. The location of the security fence is the same as that of the existing fence. The extent of the testing of 41 BX 291 was limited to a small portion of the site which is on tne City of San Antonio's property. The major part of the site is on land owned by Incarnate Word College (see Fig. 2). Two excavation units at 41 BX 291, in addition to shovel testing along the rest of the fence line, were deemed satisfactory in providing the information needed to make the necessary evaluations and recommendations regarding potential impact on the site. The field work was supervised by Cristi Assad who was assisted by Augustine Frkuska and Edwin S. Harris. All notes, maps and materials collected are on file at the Center.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, San Antonio, Indians of North America