A comparison between online and traditional learning in an undergraduate higher education environment




Womack, David L.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



This study examines differences in performance on selected assignments and two examinations between an online and a traditional undergraduate education course. In addition, differences in Locus of Control between the courses are examined. A MANCOVA indicated no significant difference in Locus of Control. MANCOVA indicated that student performance on assignments showed no significant difference between the course delivery types. Student test scores showed a substantial and statistically significant difference between the traditional and online course delivery methods, with the traditional delivery method associated with higher test scores. Differences in score variances may suggest that student populations are not monolithic but may consist of identifiable subsets.


This item is available only to currently enrolled UTSA students, faculty or staff. To download, navigate to Log In in the top right-hand corner of this screen, then select Log in with my UTSA ID.


education, Locus of Control, MANCOVA, online, subsets, undergraduate



Educational Leadership and Policy Studies