Relationships between suicide protective factors, terror management theory, and coping behaviors
Suicide continues to be an important issue that is not well understood. This is especially true for adolescents and college students. A lack of research on protective factors against suicide, however, has further limited our understanding of this complex issue. The present study sought to observe hypothesized relationships between potential related variables to suicide protective factors, as measured by the newly created Multi-Attitude Suicide Tendency-II (MAST-II) scale. The factors of concern for the study included death anxiety and self-esteem as outlined in terror management theory. In addition, the study sought to observe relationships between suicide protective factors in coordination with preventative and proactive coping style. One hundred and thirty nine participants from a large public university in South Texas were given a packet of questionnaires to complete. Zero-order correlations, partial correlations, and exploratory stepwise regression analyses were conducted on the data. The results found that self-esteem and death anxiety were highly and significantly related to the suicide factors in the MAST-II. Significant relationships between proactive and preventative coping styles were found as well, however the relationships were much more complex. The study provides some intriguing potential additional insight to protective factors against suicide and related variables.