Cultural resources inventory of Camp Bowie, Brownwood, Texas

dc.contributorNickels, David L.
dc.contributorBroeh, Cory Julian
dc.contributorEdmondson, Donna D.
dc.contributorMauldin, Raymond P.
dc.contributor.authorWormser, Alan J.
dc.contributor.authorSullo-Prewitt, Shellie
dc.description.abstractExecutive Summary. What We Did and Why We Did It: The National Historic Preservation Act (16 USC 470 et seq.) and Executive Order 11593 requires cultural resources inventories of federal properties. From 1994 to 1997, the Adjutant General’s Department of Texas (AGTX) Cultural Resources Program staff conducted a pedestrian inventory of archeological sites and historic structures at Camp Bowie. We explored all but approximately 150 of the camp’s 9,297 acres. This report presents our findings and makes recommendations regarding National Register eligibility for each site or structure found. What We Found: We discovered or revisited 186 archeological sites, structures, or groups of structures. Of these, 18 prehistoric sites and six historic sites or structures/groups are potentially eligible. These 24 sites are considered sensitive and will receive protective measures until they can be further evaluated. Of the remaining 162 sites, 158 are not eligible—primarily due to shallow soils, erosion, or disturbance—and do not require any special protection. The remaining four sites will require additional shovel tests to determine eligibility. This work is planned for the immediate future. What Next?: To ascertain their eligibility, the critical sites require investigation that is beyond the scope of the present study. For the prehistoric sites, test excavations would be the primary investigative tool. For the historic sites and structures, photo-documentation, measured drawings, and historical research would be the primary methods. Recommendations: We recommend that the Adjutant General’s Department avoid disturbing the potentially eligible sites and structures until they can be thoroughly evaluated for National Register eligibility. In order to ensure this protection, the following measures will be implemented: · The facility manager will be provided with a location map of critical sites. · Buffer zones will be established around critical sites. · Within the buffer zones, the following policy will be implemented:—Vehicular traffic must stay on existing roads.—Digging, construction, or demolition will require consultation with the AGTX environmental office. The facility managers will brief all incoming units that will be training at the camp, and show them areas that are considered sensitive and/or off-limits. The results of this and other surveys will be used to support a CulturalResources Management Plan, and the Adjutant General’s Department will continue in its role as steward to the cultural resources on National Guard training sites across Texas. Site Location Map: We have elected to not include the overall site location map in this report because of the sensitivity issues involved with archeological sites. For those readers who are interested, this map may be obtained by calling (512) 782-6194, or writing to AGTX-EV, Cultural Resources, P.O. Box 5218, Austin, TX 78763-5218.
dc.description.sponsorshipAdjutant General's Department of Texas, Cultural Resources Program
dc.publisherCenter for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio
dc.relation.ispartofseriesArchaeological Report No. 317
dc.subjectarchaeological investigation
dc.subjectTexas archaeology
dc.subjectarchaeological surveying
dc.subjectIndians of North America
dc.subjectBrown County
dc.titleCultural resources inventory of Camp Bowie, Brownwood, Texas
dc.typeTechnical Report


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