Employee Voice and Well-being: A Within-person Approach to Understanding Their Reciprocal Effects and Underlying Mechanisms
Enacting voice behavior, despite its numerous benefits for organizations, has implications for employee voicers. While the major focus of research on voice has been on enlightening the work-related consequences of voice behaviors, in this dissertation, I draw attention on the outcomes of voice for the personal life of voicers. Drawing from the literature on well-being and work behaviors, and using the appraisal theory of discrete emotions (Roseman, 1990, 1996) and the broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001), I examined the reciprocal relations of voice behavior at work with employee off-work well-being. Using experiment sampling methodology, I found that (a) the well-being of employee voicers during off-work hours impacts employee's decision to express their voice and (b) enacting voice behavior has implications for the well-being of voicers outside of work domain. These findings illuminate that engaging in positive and proactive behaviors is in link with off-work well-being of employees.
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