Poor people and poor places: Local opportunity structures and poverty transitions

Date
2011
Authors
Campbell, Joseph J. A.
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Abstract

The influence of local area social contexts on poverty transitions is investigated for households in the United States during the first half of the decade. It is argued that local opportunity structures as well as local patterns of social interaction and culture may translate into parameters that directly affect household transition risk. Data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) are linked with a set of local area indicators to estimate discrete-time logit models for the transition into and out of poverty. The empirical analysis suggests that local area employment opportunities observed at the county level could play a role in predicting poverty transitions at the household level.

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Keywords
Bayesian hierarchical modeling, multilevel modeling, poverty transitions, small area estimation
Citation
Department
Demography