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dc.contributor.authorMoore, Brian A.
dc.contributor.authorHale, Willie J.
dc.contributor.authorLudkins, Jason L.
dc.contributor.authorPeterson, Alan L.
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-23T19:27:37Z
dc.date.available2021-09-23T19:27:37Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-31
dc.identifier.citationMoore, B. A., Hale, W. J., Judkins, J. L., & Peterson, A. L. (2021). Development and psychometric validation of the Dispositional Recovery and Dysfunction Inventory: a tool to assess for positive and negative cognitions following trauma exposure. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1-16.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1469-1833
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12588/681
dc.descriptionThe data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author (B.A.M.) upon reasonable request. To view supplementary material for this article, please visit: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465821000230.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Recovery from trauma can be naturally occurring or facilitated through psychotherapy. Few brief measures exist to provide clinicians with dispositional, empirical assessments of patient’s sentiments during psychotherapy. Aims: This manuscript presents the Dispositional Recovery and Dysfunction Inventory (DRDI), a measure created to assist clinicians in evaluating patient’s treatment progress during psychotherapy, as well as evaluate its factor structure, reliability estimates, measurement invariance, and correlates. Method: The DRDI was created based on feedback from experts with experience treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and was structurally validated in two distinct populations. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted in sample 1 consisting of (n=401) university students. Confirmatory factor analysis, measure validity and structure validation were then conducted in sample 2 (n=249) composed of 49% individuals with clinically significant PTSD symptoms. Results: Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the DRDI was best represented by a two-factor correlated traits model representing sentiments related to dispositional recovery and dysfunctional cognitions. The recovery subscale exhibited relationships with convergent measures including authenticity and psychological hardiness (r values of .30 to .60). The dysfunctional beliefs subscale exhibited relationships with convergent measures: PTSD, depression, suicidality and stress (r values of .55 to 80). Measurement invariance across gender and PTSD status was observed. Conclusion: Initial findings indicate that the DRDI has the potential to be a useful tool to assess individuals’ beliefs about their propensity to recover from and thrive through adversity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy;
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/*
dc.subjectdysfunctional cognitionsen_US
dc.subjectfactor analysisen_US
dc.subjectpost-traumatic stress disorderen_US
dc.subjectPTSDen_US
dc.subjectrecoveryen_US
dc.subjectresilienceen_US
dc.subjecttraumaen_US
dc.titleDevelopment and psychometric validation of the Dispositional Recovery and Dysfunction Inventory: a tool to assess for positive and negative cognitions following trauma exposureen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.departmentPsychologyen_US


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Attribution 3.0 United States
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 United States