Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Precipitation Frequency in Texas Using High-Resolution Radar Products

Date
2020-05-13
Authors
Ghebreyesus, Dawit
Sharif, Hatim O.
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Abstract

Understanding the frequency and intensity of precipitation is needed for many vital applications including water supply for agricultural, municipal, industrial, and power generation uses, design of hydraulic structures, and analysis and forecasting of hazards such as flood, drought, and landslide. This study examines, in detail, the spatial and temporal variability of precipitation frequency over the State of Texas and its trends from 2002 to 2019. The results indicate that Texas receives around 325 wet hours on average annually (3.7% of the time). The northern part of the Gulf Coast region witnesses the highest average precipitation frequency reaching 876 wet hours annually. The year 2015 was found to have the highest precipitation frequency across the state with an average frequency of 6% (525 wet hours) and 2011 was the driest, with an average frequency of 1.9% (170 wet hours). In terms of seasonality, the highest precipitation frequency was observed in the summer with a frequency of 4.1%. The areal average time-series of the precipitation frequency indicates that the 2011–2012 drought to be a change point. The Mann–Kendall trend analysis shows that 16.2% of the state experienced a significant positive trend in precipitation frequency including the dry western region and major cities. The results can provide useful information about storm characteristics and recent change and variability of precipitation at high spatial resolutions and can be used in a multitude of practical applications.

Description
Keywords
NEXt-generation Weather RADar (NEXRAD), precipitation, Texas, radar, STAGE IV
Citation
Water 12 (5): 1378 (2020)
Department
Civil and Environmental Engineering, and Construction Management