An Autochthonous Susceptible Candida auris Clade I Otomycosis Case in Iran




Ahmadi, Bahram
Naeimi, Behrouz
Ahmadipour, Mohammad Javad
Morovati, Hamid
de Groot, Theun
Spruijtenburg, Bram
Badali, Hamid
Meis, Jacques F.

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Candida auris is a newly emerging multidrug-resistant fungal pathogen considered to be a serious global health threat. Due to diagnostic challenges, there is no precise estimate for the prevalence rate of this pathogen in Iran. Since 2019, only six culture-proven C. auris cases have been reported from Iran, of which, five belonged to clade V and one to clade I. Herein, we report a case of otomycosis due to C. auris from 2017 in a 78-year-old man with diabetes mellitus type II without an epidemiological link to other cases or travel history. Short tandem repeat genotyping and whole genome sequencing (WGS) analysis revealed that this isolate belonged to clade I of C. auris (South Asian Clade). The WGS single nucleotide polymorphism calling demonstrated that the C. auris isolate from 2017 is not related to a previously reported clade I isolate from Iran. The presence of this retrospectively recognized clade I isolate also suggests an early introduction from other regions or an autochthonous presence. Although the majority of reported C. auris isolates worldwide are resistant to fluconazole and, to a lesser extent, to echinocandins and amphotericin B, the reported clade I isolate from Iran was susceptible to all antifungal drugs.




Journal of Fungi 9 (11): 1101 (2023)