HPV Integration Site Mapping: A Rapid Method of Viral Integration Site (VIS) Analysis and Visualization Using Automated Workflows in CLC Microbial Genomics

Date
2022-07-23
Authors
Shen-Gunther, Jane
Cai, Hong
Wang, Yufeng
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Volume Title
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Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) integration within the host genome may contribute to carcinogenesis through various disruptive mechanisms. With next-generation sequencing (NGS), identification of viral and host genomic breakpoints and chimeric sequences are now possible. However, a simple, streamlined bioinformatics workflow has been non-existent until recently. Here, we tested two new, automated workflows in CLC Microbial Genomics, i.e., Viral Hybrid Capture (VHC) Data Analysis and Viral Integration Site (VIS) Identification for software performance and efficiency. The workflows embedded with HPV and human reference genomes were used to analyze a publicly available NGS dataset derived from pre- and cancerous HPV+ cervical cytology of 21 Gabonese women. The VHC and VIS workflow median runtimes were 19 and 7 min per sample, respectively. The VIS dynamic graphical outputs included read mappings, virus-host genomic breakpoints, and virus-host integration circular plots. Key findings, including disrupted and nearby genes, were summarized in an auto-generated report. Overall, the VHC and VIS workflows proved to be a rapid and accurate means of localizing viral-host integration site(s) and identifying disrupted and neighboring human genes. Applying HPV VIS-mapping to pre- or invasive tumors will advance our understanding of viral oncogenesis and facilitate the discovery of prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

Description
Keywords
bioinformatics workflow, cervical cancer, HPV taxonomy, human papillomavirus, hybrid capture NGS, insertional mutagenesis, next generation sequencing, viral mapping, virus integration
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 23 (15): 8132 (2022)
Department
Molecular Microbiology and Immunology