The Preparation and Characterization of Co–Ni Nanoparticles and the Testing of a Heterogenized Co–Ni/Alumina Catalyst for CO Hydrogenation




López-Tinoco, Julián
Mendoza-Cruz, Rubén
Bazán-Díaz, Lourdes
Karuturi, Sai Charan
Martinelli, Michela
Cronauer, Donald C.
Kropf, A. Jeremy
Marshall, Christopher L.
Jacobs, Gary

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Samples of well-controlled nanoparticles consisting of alloys of cobalt and nickel of different atomic ratios were synthesized using wet chemical methods with oleylamine as the solvent and the reducing agent. These materials were characterized by a variety of techniques, including high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Small amounts of heterogenized catalysts were prepared using alumina as the support. However, the potential for use of Co–Ni catalysts in CO hydrogenation was explored using a larger amount of Co–Ni/alumina catalyst prepared from standard aqueous impregnation methods and tested in a continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR) for Fischer–Tropsch synthesis (FTS). Results are compared to a reference catalyst containing only cobalt. The heterogenized catalysts were characterized using synchrotron methods, including temperature programmed reduction with extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (TPR-EXAFS/XANES). The characterization results support intimate contact between Co and Ni, strongly suggesting alloy formation. In FTS testing, drawbacks of Ni addition included decreased CO conversion on a per gram catalyst basis, although Ni did not significantly impact the turnover number of cobalt, and produced slightly higher light gas selectivity. Benefits of Ni addition included an inverted induction period relative to undoped Co/Al2O3, where CO conversion increased with time on-stream in the initial period, and the stabilization of cobalt nanoparticles at a lower weight % of Co.



cobalt–nickel nanoparticles, cobalt–nickel alloys, cobalt, nickel, alumina, HAADF-STEM, TPR-EXAFS/XANES, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, CO hydrogenation, CSTR


Catalysts 10 (1): 18 (2020)


Physics and Astronomy
Mechanical Engineering
Biomedical Engineering and Chemical Engineering