Simulation and Modeling of Optical Properties of U, Th, Pb, and Co Nanoparticles of Interest to Nuclear Security Using Finite Element Analysis

Date
2022-05-17
Authors
Gharibshahi, Elham
Alamaniotis, Miltos
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Abstract

In this work, the optical characteristics of uranium (U), lead (Pb), cobalt (Co), and thorium (Th) nanoparticles are fashioned and simulated employing the finite element analysis (FEA) approach concerning multiple particle sizes. Applying finite element analysis, it was found that the simulated absorption peaks of electronic excitations of nuclear nanoparticles are red-shifted from 365 nm to 555 nm for U; from 355 nm to 550 nm for Pb; from 415 nm to 610 nm for Co; and from 350 nm to 540 nm for Th, comparing expanding particle sizes from 60 nm to 100 nm (except for Co, which varied from 70 nm to 100 nm). The FEA-simulated optical band gap energies and far-field radiation patterns were also obtained for nuclear materials. The simulation approach in this research enables the prediction of optical properties and design of nuclear materials before manufacture for nuclear security applications.

Description
Keywords
uranium (U), lead (Pb), cobalt (Co), and thorium (Th) nuclear materials, nanoparticles, COMSOL simulation, optical properties, band gap energy
Citation
Nanomaterials 12 (10): 1710 (2022)
Department
Physics and Astronomy
Electrical and Computer Engineering