The Medio Creek site (41BX1421): National Register test excavations, Bexar County, Texas




Mahoney, Richard B.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


During April 2001, the Center for Archaeological Research of The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted National Register of Historic Places eligibility testing for archeological site 41BX1421, located in southwest Bexar County, Texas, under contract with the Texas Department of Transportation. The investigations were conducted under Texas Antiquities Permit Number 2569. The Phase II testing fieldwork consisted of excavation of five test units across the site to investigate cultural deposits encountered during the previous survey phase. A single sheet midden consisting of burned limestone cobbles was encountered across the majority of the site. In concert with the archeological field investigations, the following special analyses and studies were performed to aid the determination of site integrity and eligibility: radiocarbon, lithic, aboriginal ceramic, vertebrate faunal, and magnetic sediment susceptibility. The synthesis of these analyses has provided adequate data to determine 41BX1421 ineligible for the National Register of Historic Places. It is therefore recommended that the Loop 1604 improvements proceed without further cultural resources investigations.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, Indians of North America, excavations, Bexar County, Medio Creek, faunal analysis, radiocarbon dating, midden