Archaeological studies at the CPS Butler Lignite prospect, Bastrop and Lee Counties, Texas, 1983




Brown, Kenneth M.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


In May and June 1983, archaeologists from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, performed a pedestrian survey intended to provide 100% coverage of 288 hectares of land in the CPS Butler lignite prospect. The survey area was divided into five separate tracts in Bastrop and Lee Counties; four of these tracts had been examined in an earlier reconnaissance-level survey, and the present survey was intended in large part to emphasize heavily vegetated areas not thoroughly covered by the earlier survey. Five sites were located; all had some prehistoric cultural debris, but two were chiefly mid-to late 19th-century historic sites. Three sites recorded by the earlier survey were briefly reexamined, but a fourth could not be relocated. In July, Morgan Chapel Cemetery, a late 19th/early 20th-century cemetery associated with a now-vanished Methodist church, was mapped and documented in preparation for a planned relocation. Concurrently, a prehistoric site located by the survey in May was also tested. This site, 41 BP 264, has produced an interesting surface collection that includes a Plainview point, a Clear Fork tool, and a variety of ground stone artifacts, but appears to have been completely disturbed by sand quarrying operations.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, Indians of North America, excavations, Bastrop County, Lee County, CPS Butler Lignite Prospect Site