National register eligibility testing of 41MM340 and 41MM341, along Little River, Milam County, Texas




Mahoney, Richard B.
Tomka, Steve A.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


From January through March 2000, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio conducted National Register of Historic Places eligibility testing for archaeological sites 41MM340 and 41MM341, under contract with the Texas Department of Transportation. The Investigations were conducted under Texas Antiquities Permit Number 2319. The Phase II testing fieldwork consisted of excavation of 20 test units across both sites to investigate significant cultural deposits encountered during the previous survey phase. Four distinct stratified cultural zones at 41MM340 and at least two cultural zones at 41MM341 were identified during the testing efforts. In concert with the archaeological field investigations, the following special analyses and studies were performed to aid the determination of site integrity and eligibility: geoarchaeology, radiocarbon, lithic, aboriginal ceramic, vertebrate faunal, freshwater mussel shell, macrobotanical, pollen, lhytolith, land snail shell, amino acid racemization, and diatom. The synthesis of these analyses has provided adequate data to determine temporal integrity and recommendation of National Register eligibility for both sites. Further cultural resources investigations in the form of Phase III data recovery excavations are thus recommended for both sites prior to development.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, excavations, Indians of North America, Milam County