Employee Voice and Well-being: A Within-person Approach to Understanding Their Reciprocal Effects and Underlying Mechanisms




Heydarifard, Zahra

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Enacting voice behavior, despite its numerous benefits for organizations, has implications for employee voicers. While the major focus of research on voice has been on enlightening the work-related consequences of voice behaviors, in this dissertation, I draw attention on the outcomes of voice for the personal life of voicers. Drawing from the literature on well-being and work behaviors, and using the appraisal theory of discrete emotions (Roseman, 1990, 1996) and the broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001), I examined the reciprocal relations of voice behavior at work with employee off-work well-being. Using experiment sampling methodology, I found that (a) the well-being of employee voicers during off-work hours impacts employee's decision to express their voice and (b) enacting voice behavior has implications for the well-being of voicers outside of work domain. These findings illuminate that engaging in positive and proactive behaviors is in link with off-work well-being of employees.


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Employee voice behavior, Off-work behavior