Archaeological investigations at the Banquete bend site (41 NU 63) Nueces County, Texas




Black, Stephen L.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


The Banquete Bend site, 41 NU 63, was initially recorded by Hayden Whitsett, archaeologist for the Texas Water Quality Board, on February 2, 1976. Whitsett discovered the site while surveying several small tracts of land on which a sewage treatment plant would be located. He recommended that the site be intensively surface surveyed and collected prior to construction of the plant. Alton Briggs of the State Historic Preservation Office reviewed the recommendations and added a requirement for limited subsurface testing. During June 1976, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, was contracted by the Nueces County Water Control District #5 to carry out the investigations recommended by Whitsett and Briggs. The proposal called for controlled surface collection, mapping and subsurface testing to evaluate the significance of 41 NU 63. Dr. Thomas R. Hester, Director of the Center, served as principal investigator, and the author served as field supervisor. Field work was conducted during July 1976, and excavations indicated Late Archaic and Late Prehistoric occupations of the site. The Center for Archaeological Research subsequently recommended that the site be nominated to the National Register of Historic Places and that steps be taken to insure preservation of the site (letter, Hester to Whitsett, July 26, 1977). On August 12, 1976, Whitsett again examined the area, and a second location for the sewage treatment plant was found which would not interfere with 41 NU 63 or any other visible archaeological resource. This report documents the July 1976 field investigations and subsequent laboratory analysis.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, Indians of North America, Nueces County