Archaeological investigations at Angus Flats, Pecos County, Texas




Gibson, Eric C.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


During July 1980, personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR), The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), conducted archaeological investigations at Angus Flats (41 PC 393) in central Pecos County, Texas (Fig. 1). The project was conducted for the Rio Grande Electric Cooperative, Inc., under contract between the Center for Archaeological Research and Alexander Utility Engineering, Inc. (letter dated July 2, 1980). General supervision of the project was provided by Dr. Thomas R. Hester, Director, and Jack D. Eaton, Associate Director, Center for Archaeological Research. The field work was carried out by Eric Gibson and Curtis Dusek, staff archaeologists. Analysis and interpretations of the results were completed by Gibson. Surface archaeological features were mapped and collected. Additionally, shovel-test excavations were conducted at two of these features. The Angus Flats site had previously been identified by Uecker (1980) as Site #1, Area 6, during an archaeological survey for the Rio Grande Electric Cooperative, Inc. The investigations in this report were carried out in order to describe and document this site because it was soon to be altered by a proposed powerline transmission corridor (Fig. 1). A total of 14 hearth features was mapped and collected. Subsurface testing was confined to features 9 and 13 (see Fig. 1). The distribution of lithic materials extended beyond the hearths and comprised the overall site area boundaries. Mapping methodology was based upon the guidelines presented in Field Methods in Archaeology (Hester, Heizer, and Graham 1975). The collection of hearth features was derived from methods described by Varner (1968). The study of these surface features was directed toward: (1) describing their spatial distribution and possible relationships; (2) recovering artifacts that indicate function, activity, and chronological placement; and (3) assessing frequency, duration and intensity of prehistoric occupation of Angus Flats. All information was recorded on standard feature report forms presently used by the Center for Archaeological Research. Black and white 35-mm photographs were taken of each feature and the general site area. Artifacts collected were placed in paper bags and labeled according to feature area, date, distance and direction from the center of the hearth, and collector's name. All of the arti-facts within 16-m2 of each hearth were collected and processed according to standard archaeological procedures. The interpretations presented in this report are based on examination of artifacts and data recorded in photographs, feature forms, and field notes.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, Pecos County, Angus Flats, prehistoric hearths, powerline