Continuous learning support vector machine to estimate stability lobe diagrams in milling




Friedrich, Jens
Hartmann, Henning
Verl, Alexander
Lechler, Armin

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DEStech Publications, Inc.


The productivity of milling processes is limited by the occurrence of chatter vibrations. The correlation of the maximum stable cutting depth and the spindle speed can be shown in a stability lobe diagram (SLD). Today it is a great effort to estimate the SLD. Lot's of experiments are necessary to measure the SLD or derive a detailed mathematical model to calculate the SLD. Moreover not only cutting depth, but also the cutting width should be taken into account. This paper presents an approach to learn the multidimensional stability lobe diagram (MSLD) during the production based on continuously measured signals using a support vector machine. The support vector machine is extended to make it capable for continuous learning and time-variant systems. The process conditions are classified as stable or unstable. The learned MSLDs are very similar to the analytically calculated MSLDs. Changes over time in the system dynamics can also be learned by the proposed algorithm.


Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent Manufacturing, held May 20-23, 2014 in San Antonio, Texas, and organized by the Center for Advanced Manufacturing and Lean Systems, University of Texas at San Antonio
Includes bibliographical references


Milling-machines--Vibration, Milling cutters, Chattering control (Control systems), Spindles (Machine-tools)