41MV120: a stratified late archaic site in Maverick County, Texas




Vierra, Bradley J.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


This report presents the findings of the data recovery program conducted at site 41MV120. The excavation was conducted under a contractual agreement with the Texas Department of Transportation under Texas Antiquities Pennit number 1622. A total of 9,147 lithic artifacts, 30,903 g of fire-cracked rock, 1623 g of mussel shells, 457 g of snails, 43 macrobotanical samples, 79 historic artifacts, and 15 bones was recovered from these excavations. 41MV120 is a stratified Late Archaic site dating from ca. 2200-1200 B.P. It was periodically inundated by floodwaters from the Rio Grande which buried a series of occupational levels. The site appears to represent a long-term pattem of redundant reuse. It presumably reflects a short-term campsite from which local terrace gravels were used for core reduction and tool production. Several species of aquatic and tenestrial resources were exploited while residing at the camp, including shellfish and medium-to small-sized animals.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, excavations, Maverick County, archaeological surveying