Women and the Workplace Hierarchy Religiosity through Ruling Texts and Hiring Practices




Collins, Dawn

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The inequality of men and women in today's patriarchal society are well known, but little research has been done to investigate the possible shift in social norms within the hierarchal structure of corporate America. Women are underrepresented in top tiers of leadership in the American workforce. Less than 5% of the highest positions in top companies are held by women, and since 1997, women have only increased by 4.5% in top Fortune 500 companies. Recent studies show that only one out of every nineteen CEO's is a woman, and that ratio is even smaller for women of color. As a whole, men dominate the workforce and operate in nearly every level of the hierarchal workplace structures. In addition, ninety percent of new CEO's are hired from in-line roles, disproportionately giving men a much greater chance of being hired than women. There are several ruling documents in society according to sociologist Dorothy Smith, this research focuses on the Bible and how it might influence a person's attitudes on the workforce and hiring and promotion practices in American society. This research used data from the General Social Survey to examine attitudes of Americans as it relates to hiring women when conservative Bible views are a factor. Historical texts, like the Bible, teach a dominant-subordinate relationship between the sexes, combined with the gendered power structures of the workplace set the stage for this research project.


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Biblical Literalism, Gender Inequality, Hiring Attitudes, Religion, Ruling Texts, Workplace Inequality