Archaeological monitoring of the Caldwell County Courthouse rehabilitation, Lockhart, Texas




Tomka, Steve A.
Fox, Anne A.

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Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio


In February 1999, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR) of The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) entered into a contract with American Restoration of New Braunfels, Texas, to monitor utility trenches being excavated on the grounds of the Caldwell County Courthouse in Lockhart, Texas, under Texas Antiquities Permit No. 2117. The utilities were installed in connection with the exterior rehabilitation being conducted by the firm of Ford, Powell, and Carson, Architects. Five visits to the project between February and October of 1999 involved monitoring of mechanical trench excavations, selective screening of trenching backdirt, and surface collections. Monitoring of excavations and the inspection of trench profiles and contents have identified substantial disturbances on the courthouse grounds. These disturbances include utility line trenching associated with previous installations of water, sewer and electric lines, and grade modifications and introduced fill associated with landscaping. Selective screening and surface collections yielded artifacts relating to the construction and use of the three successive courthouses that have existed on the site. However, these artifacts derive from highly disturbed contexts and lack associational integrity. No traces of the foundations of the two previous courthouses were encountered during the trenching.



archaeological investigation, archaeology, Texas archaeology, excavations, salvage archaeology, Caldwell County, Lockhart, Caldwell County Courthouse Historic District